If you have diabetes, taking care of your body properly can require much more than monitoring your blood sugars and paying regular visits to your local medical clinic. High blood sugar can affect your body in more ways than many of us may realize. When your diabetes causes blood sugar to spike, it can have debilitating effects on your eyes just as easily as it can cause harm to the rest of your body. This debilitating illness which so many of us live with can cause temporary changes to your sight, as well as permanent vision if not properly cared for. Our welcoming and knowledgeable team of optical health care professionals at your local Aransas County optometrist of the Rockport Eye Associates are always here to answer all of your questions about background and proliferative diabetic retinopathy to insure your eyes are safe from harm.
The first type or stage of this disease is known by most doctors as non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy. In these early stages, the blood vessels inside the eye often swell, and can eventually hemorrhage, causing bleeding into the many layers of your retina. While this often results in excess proteins and lipids forming hard exudates around these leaking capillaries, neither hemorrhages nor their resulting hard exudates will affect eyesight unless they occur near or inside the macula itself. Non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy is most often referred to as background diabetic retinopathy, or BDR for short, for its ability to exist without causing harm to your sight. BDR can spread over time to the later, harmful stages without diagnosis and treatment from your local Aransas County optometrist.
In some cases, cases of BDR which are left undiagnosed or untreated will progress into proliferative retinopathy. This occurs when the leaking blood vessels from background diabetic retinopathy become completely closed off entirely due to their extensively damaged state. The eye responds in an attempt to solve the matter of these essentially dead blood vessels by growing new ones. Though this may sound like a positive action, these new blood vessels actually only serve to make matters worse by growing improperly, growing inside the retina, leaking blood and causing a vitreous hemorrhage that blocks vision. They can also cause scar tissue to form, which can result in a dangerous retinal detachment, causing permanent vision loss without treatment by your professional Aransas County optometrist.
Patients living with diabetes need to be seeing their neighborhood Aransas County optometrist for regular and comprehensive optical exams at least once a year. Our fully licensed and professionally trained team at the advanced care offices of Rockport Eye Associates are more than just general eye doctors. Dr. Soto is an expert in diagnosing and treating diabetic eye disorders with well over a decade of experience. No matter what type of diabetes you have, our staff at the Rockport Eye Associates can work with you to insure a lifetime of perfect vision.